Open Access
Article de recherche / Research Article

Table 3

Structure, dairy farming practices, and technical-economic performance of dairy farm.

Structure, pratiques d’élevage laitier et performances technico-économiques des fermes laitières.

Variables Pattern of sustainability


1 (n = 77) 2 (n = 89) 3 (n = 84) 4 (n = 60) 5 (n = 45)
Structure
   Total land (m2) 3060 ± 3440ab 2620 ± 2810b 3190 ± 3790ab 4660 ± 5700a 4580 ± 5470ab
   Incl. owned land (m2) 1224 1341 1371 2334 2486
   Contribution of own land to total land (%) NS 40.1 ± 41.2 51.2 ± 43.8 43 ± 40.6 50.1 ± 40.3 54.3 ± 35.8
   Total workers (person) 2.1 ± 0.6ab 2.2 ± 0.7a 1.9 ± 0.7b 1.9 ± 0.9ab 1.9 ± 0.7ab
   Experience in dairying (years) 10.8 ± 5.6 12.8 ± 9.1 11.5 ± 6.3 15.5 ± 9.1 14.5 ± 8.9
   Herd size (AU) 2.3 ± 1d 3 ± 1.6cd 3.8 ± 1.7bc 7 ± 4.8a 4.3 ± 3b
   Lactating cow (AU) 1.7 ± 0.8c 2.2 ± 1.5bc 2.8 ± 1.5b 5 ± 3.6a 3 ± 2.2b
Dairy farming practices
   Quantity of forage (kg/cow/day) 53.1 ± 23.3a 44.1 ± 19.6b 45.1 ± 20.7ab 34.5 ± 17.3c 46.5 ± 21.2ab
   Quantity of concentrate (kg DM/cow/day) NS 5.5 ± 3 6.1 ± 2.8 5.9 ± 2.8 5.5 ± 2.8 6.3 ± 3
   Working hours (hours/farm/day) NS 9.6 ± 5.1 10.6 ± 4.8 10.3 ± 4.2 11.7 ± 6.6 10 ± 4.7
Technical-economic performance
   Milk sold to cooperative (liters/farm/month) 640 ± 332b 733 ± 480b 862 ± 433b 1782 ± 1413a 994 ± 713b
   Milk productivity (liters milk sold/LU/day) NS 9.5 ± 4.1 8.5 ± 3.3 8 ± 3.2 8.5 ± 3.9 8.4 ± 3.9
   Milk productivity per lactating cow (liters milk sold /lactating cow/day) NS 12.5 ± 4.4 12.2 ± 5.9 11 ± 4.3 12.3 ± 5.9 11.8 ± 4.7
   Dairy income (US$/farm/year) 1561b 1718b 1643b 3877a 2375b
   Contribution dairy income to total income (%) 58.9 ± 21.4b 85.6 ± 29.3a 82.1 ± 31.5a 88.7 ± 29.9a 64.8 ± 21.2b
   Total income (US$/farm/year) 2650 2007 2001 4371 3665

Means in the same column with a different superscript differ significantly (P < 0.05); NS not significant. Source: Survey (2015).

Note: 1 US$ = 13385 IDR in August 2017; [Total income = Net dairy income + Net income from other activity]. [Net dairy income = Total milk sales + Cows sales + Calves sales + Manure sales − (Cost of feed + Cost of vet services + Financial cost of credit reimbursement + Cost of hired labor + Cost of rented land)].

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.