Table 2

Examples of public policies applied in the Americas to support oil palm development; (b) Countries where public policies remain mostly incentive.

Exemples de politiques publiques appliquées en Amérique pour accompagner le développement du secteur élaéicole ; (b) Pays où les politiques publiques restent majoritairement incitatrices.

Country Title of the public policy Year(s) Content of the public policy Objectives of the policy Incentive Regulative
Costa Rica Plan nacional de oleaginosas 1984–1989 ● offer loans to oil palm growers X

Ley de la Republica N°7062 1986 ● grant credits to producers
● provide advice and training
● construction of an agro-industrial cooperative

Proyecto Agroindustrial de Palma Aceitera 1990 ● favor the construction of two processing plants for cooperative producers limit the monopolistic structure of the sector X

Guatemala Decreto 29-89 (artículo 12) of the « Ley de Fomento y Desarrollo de la Actividad Exportadora y de Maquila » 1989 ● provide large oil palm companies with tax exemption for 10 years X

Decreto 52-2003, of the « Ley de Incentivos para el Desarrollo de Proyectos de Energía Renovable » 2003 ● provide tax exemption to companies producing energy from palm oil
● provide VAT refunds to exporters

PROPALMA 2008 ● provide financial assistance to small producers (< 25 ha) boost oil palm cultivation X

Honduras Mesa Agricola Palma Africana (part of the Mesa Agricola Hondureña) 2002 guide and rule oil palm industry X

Acuerdo Marco para la competitividad de la palma africana y otras palmáceas 2006 ● offer a financial system adapted to late-yielding crops
● provide technical assistance
● assist the transport of FFB

Mexico Programa Nacional de la Palma (part of the Programa de la Alianza para el Campo) 1996–2005 promote oil palm plantation in Chiapas and Campeche states, and from 1998 in Tabasco and Veracruz X

Sistema Producto Palma de Aceite (created by the Articulo 143 in the Ley de Desarrollo Rural Sustentable – LDRS) 2004 organize and promote sectors with high production and market potential, increase the sector’s productivity and profitability X

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