Table 1

Main plant species used to provide the key ecosystem services in the oil palm agroforestry systems.

Espèces végétales majoritairement utilisées pour rendre les principaux services écosystémiques dans les systèmes agroforestiers à base de palmier.

Ecosystemic service Total number of species providing this service Main species Number of AFS using the species
Fruit harvesting 50 Zea mays 16
Arachis hypogaea 13
Musa sp. 12
Tuber harvesting 4 Manihot esculenta 10
Ipomoea batatas 5
Timber 25 Gliricidia sepium 2
Inga edulis 2
Peronema cunescens 2
Ormosia arbórea 2
Prevention and reduction of erosion 38 Mucuna sp. 5
Cajan cajanus 3
Pueraria phaseloïdes 3
Regulation of the hydrological cycle 30 Mucuna sp. 3
Gliricidia sepium 3
Cajan cajanus 3
Weed control 27 Mucuna sp. 3
Zea mays 2
Pueraria phaseloïdes 2
Residual organic matter 33 Arachis hypogaea 7
Vigna unguiculata 4
Complementarity of access to nitrogen 25 Arachis hypogaea 6
Gliricidia sepium 4
Vigna unguiculata 4
Cajan cajanus 4

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