Processes and examples of agricultural crop protection practices sorted by E-S-R framework category.
Processus et exemples de pratiques de protection des cultures classés selon les catégories du cadre conceptuel E-S-R.
|Conventional/efficiency (E)||Intensive use of synthetic inputs (particularly pesticides) and move towards a more rational use of the same to improve efficiency||Application of fungicide to crop fields/orchards
Fungicide resistance management
Bioremediation to limit accumulation of azole fungicides in soil
|Substitution (S)||Substitution of synthetic pesticides with non-synthetic pesticides, or substitution of other levers (e.g. mechanical) for the same purpose||Entomopathogenic fungi for biological pest control
Bat guano for phytopathogenic nematode control
|Redesign (R)||Redesign of the entire system as an agro-ecosystem based on ecological processes rather than external inputs||On farm-produced manure and plant waste compost for phytopathogenic nematode control|
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.