Processes and examples of agricultural crop protection practices sorted by E-S-R framework category.
Processus et exemples de pratiques de protection des cultures classés selon les catégories du cadre conceptuel E-S-R.
|Conventional/efficiency (E)||Intensive use of synthetic inputs (particularly pesticides) and move towards a more rational use of the same to improve efficiency||Application of fungicide to crop fields/orchards
Fungicide resistance management
Bioremediation to limit accumulation of azole fungicides in soil
|Substitution (S)||Substitution of synthetic pesticides with non-synthetic pesticides, or substitution of other levers (e.g. mechanical) for the same purpose||Entomopathogenic fungi for biological pest control
Bat guano for phytopathogenic nematode control
|Redesign (R)||Redesign of the entire system as an agro-ecosystem based on ecological processes rather than external inputs||On farm-produced manure and plant waste compost for phytopathogenic nematode control|
After Hill and MacRae (1996) and Dupré et al. (2017).
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