Open Access
Article de recherche / Research Article

Tableau 1

Caractéristiques structurelles des quatre types de ménage.

Structural characteristics of the four types of household.

Type Vivrier Rente



Orienté culture (VC) Orienté élevage (VE) Orienté culture (RC) Orienté élevage (RE)
n = 48 n = 59 n = 80 n = 36
Surface agricole utile (SAU) (ha) 4,23 ± 2,18b 3,45 ± 1,95b 5,99 ± 3,14a 6,30 ± 4,51a
Surface cultivée (SC) (ha) 3,73 ± 1,72b 3,05 ± 1.67b 5,83 ± 3,14a 6,25 ± 4,49a
Habitants permanents (unité) 3,49 ± 2,60a 5,31 ± 3,06a 5,22 ± 3,48a 9,64 ± 6,39b
Animaux de traction (unité) 1,29 ± 0,81b 1,28 ± 0,83b 2,31 ± 2,78a 1,99 ± 1,37a,b
Surface en cultures vivrières (% SC) 62 ± 21a,c 78 ± 17b 56 ± 20a 70 ± 16bc
Surface en cultures de rente (% SC) 38 ± 21a,c 22 ± 17b 44 ± 20a 30 ± 16b,c
Surface en jachères (% SAU) 9 ± 11b 9 ± 14b 3 ± 7a 1 ± 2a
Ruminants à l’embouche (%) 3 ± 11b 14 ± 28b 27 ± 32a 57 ± 28c
Ruminants au pâturage (%) 89 ± 29c 71 ± 41a 67 ± 36a 40 ± 27b
Chargement animal (UBT/ha SC) 0,87 ± 0,75b 1,03 ± 0,84a,b 1,19 ± 0,74a,b 1,36 ± 1,34a

Un UBT (unité bovin tropical) = un animal de 250 kg de poids vif ; les lettres en exposant représentent les groupes de classes homogènes par variable (test Anova ; p < 0,1).

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