Open Access
Article de Recherche / Research Article

Table 2

Household and farming characteristics in 2013 and 2015.

Caractéristiques des ménages et des exploitations agricoles en 2013 et 2015.

  2013 2015
  Non-members Members Total Non-members Members Total
Household size 3.87 3.89 3.88 5.53 5.60 5.56
Sticky rice acreage (ha/hh) 0.16 0.10*** 0.13 0.15 0.11*** 0.13
Average education of household members (years) 4.63 4.60 4.62
Age of household head (years) 55.30 56.00 55.63
Education of household head (years) 7.79 8.10 7.94
Yield of sticky rice (t/ha) 3.93 3.53*** 3.76 3.76 3.47*** 3.62
Average income from rice (MVND/ha) 52.71 46.87*** 50.18 57.89 53.42** 55.78
Rice income per household (MVND/hh) 9.27 6.17*** 7.80
Household gross income (MVND/hh) 24.32 19.95 22.26
Price of sticky rice (000 VND/kg) 13.43 13.28 13.37 15.44 15.09** 15.27
Seed input (kg/ha) 52.25 40.91*** 47.35 41.37 34.10*** 37.94
Manure per hectare (kg/ha) 390.85 493.76 435.35 407.09 285.95 349.89
Bio-fertilizer per hectare (kg/ha) 202.77 390.79*** 284.08 52.29 76.84 63.88
Chemical fertilizer per hectare (kg/ha) 747.37 865.72** 798.55 724.78 608.55* 669.90
N (kg/ha) 125.10 115.31 120.87 118.25 94.78** 107.17
P (kg/ha) 61.77 81.61*** 70.35 63.67 54.94 59.55
K (kg/ha) 112.05 117.56 114.43 95.30 75.25*** 85.83
Cost of pesticide (MVND/ha) 4346.38 3980.63 4188.22 2874.50 3212.91 3034.31
Labor input (days/ha) 120.16 124.01 121.83 161.23 175.21 167.83
Total cost (MVND/ha) 24.29 19.93** 22.68 22.49 17.83*** 20.29

***, **, * refers a significant level of 1%, 5% and 10%, respectively.

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