Table 2

Steps in survey elaboration, application and analysis.

Étapes de l’élaboration des questionnaires, de leur application et analyse.

Date Step involving farmer organizations Step involving researchers
September 2018 First planning of the data collection campaign and the main topics to be addressed

December 2018 First list of the general questions the farmers wanted addressed

January 2019 Participatory territorial zoning to define the zones to focus on
Validation in a plenary session of the main categories to be investigated

February 2019 Elaboration of the detailed elements to be taken into account in the community and household questionnaires

March 2019 Formulation of the questions and digitization in KoboToolbox

Early April 2019 Discussion of the two surveys during the training session of the community researchers, to rephrase the questions one by one so they would correspond to the farmers’ vocabulary and representations

Mid-April 2019 Further adaptation of the questions after the first application of the surveys

April–July 2019 Application of the surveys by the community researchers Regular follow-up and debriefing regarding problems arising in the field

First week of July Researchers processed all the results from the survey to calculate mean values

July 2019 First reactions regarding the field experience and the results of the survey: What was learned? What was surprising? What were the difficulties?

September–October 2019 Researchers deepen the analyses of the results, and cross variables with the support of a statistician

October 2019 Debate on detailed results: what results are the most important and deserve to be presented? To whom should they be presented? How to present them? What narratives?

December 2019 Validation by the research team of the final version of the database and of the dictionary of variables systematized by the statistician

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